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Aristarchus of Samos, the traditional Copernicus ; a heritage of Greek astronomy to Aristarchus, including Aristarchus's Treatise at the sizes and distances of the sunlight and moon : a brand new Greek textual content with translation and notes. 448 Pages.

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32). sixty four Aët. ii. 28. five (D. G. p. 358; Vors. i2, p. III. 33). sixty five Fr. 14 and 15 (Vors. i2, p. 124. 6, 10). sixty six Plutarch, Adv. Colot. 15, p. 1116 A (Vors. i2, p. 124, 4–7). sixty seven Diels, Vors. ii2. 1, p. 675; Parmenides Lehrgedicht p. a hundred and ten. sixty eight Homer, Iliad v. 214; Od. xviii. 219, &c. sixty nine Tannery, op. cit. , p. 210. The strains are respectively– (Parm. ). (Emped. ). 70 Boll, artwork. ‘Finsternisse’ in Pauly-Wissowa’s Real-Encyclopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft, vi. 2, 1909, p. 2342. seventy one Aët. ii. 25. 14 (D. G. p. 357). seventy two Aët. ii. 7. 1 (D. G. p. 335; Vors. i2, p. III. five sqq. ). seventy three Ibid. (D. G. p. 335; Vors. i2, p. III. 13). seventy four Aët. ii. 25. three (D. G. p. 356; Vors. i2, p. III. 31). seventy five Aët. ii. 20. eight a (D. G. p. 349; Vors. i2, p. III. 35). seventy six Aët. ii. 7. 1 (D. G. p. 335; Vors. i2, p. III. 13). seventy seven Plato, Cratyhis 409 A. X ANAXAGORAS ANAXAGORAS used to be born at Clazomenae within the neighbourhood of Smyrna approximately 500 B. C. He ignored his possessions, that have been enormous, so that it will dedicate himself to technological know-how. 1 a few one as soon as requested him what used to be the thing of being born, to which he answered, ‘The research of sunlight, moon, and heaven. ’2 He turns out to were the 1st thinker to absorb his homestead at Athens, the place he loved the friendship of Pericles, who had most likely triggered him to come back thither. while Pericles turned unpopular almost immediately earlier than the outbreak of the Peloponnesian struggle, he used to be attacked via his pals, and Anaxagoras was once accused of impiety for containing that the solar was once a red-hot stone and the moon earth. three based on one account he was once fined 5 skills and banished;4 one other account says that he was once installed legal and it used to be meant to place him to dying, yet Pericles acquired him set at liberty;5 there are different adaptations of the tale. He went and lived at Lampsacus, the place he died on the age of seventy two. an excellent guy of technological know-how, Anaxagoras enriched astronomy through one epoch-making discovery. This was once not anything under the invention of the truth that the moon doesn't shine through its personal mild yet gets its gentle from the solar. for this reason, he was once capable of supply (though now not with no an admixture of blunders) the genuine rationalization of eclipses. I quote the facts, that is rather conclusive : ‘. . . the very fact which he (Anaxagoras) lately asserted, particularly that the moon has its mild from the sunlight. ’6 ‘Now whilst our comrade, in his discourse, had expounded that proposition of Anaxagoras, that “the sunlight areas the brightness within the moon”, he used to be enormously applauded. ’7 ‘The moon has a mild which isn't its personal, yet comes from the solar. ’8 ‘The moon is eclipsed throughout the interposition of the earth, occasionally additionally of the our bodies under the moon’9 [i. e. the ‘bodies lower than the celebs that are carried around in addition to the solar and the moon yet are invisible to us. ’10] ‘The solar is eclipsed on the new moon during the interposition of the moon. ’11 ‘He was once the 1st to set out quite the proof approximately eclipses and illuminations. ’12 ‘For Anaxagoras, who was once the 1st to jot down, so much essentially and such a lot courageously of all males, the reason of the moon’s illumination and darkness, didn't belong to precedent days, or even his account was once now not universal estate yet was once nonetheless a mystery, present merely between a couple of and bought through them with warning or just on belief.

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