Death to Tyrants! is the 1st finished research of historic Greek tyrant-killing legislation--laws that explicitly gave participants incentives to "kill a tyrant." David Teegarden demonstrates that the traditional Greeks promulgated those legislation to harness the dynamics of mass uprisings and guard renowned democratic rule within the face of anti-democratic threats. He offers exact ancient and sociopolitical analyses of every legislation and considers a number of matters: what's the nature of an anti-democratic probability? How could a variety of provisions of the legislation aid pro-democrats counter these threats? And did the legislation work?
Teegarden argues that tyrant-killing laws facilitated pro-democracy mobilization either by means of encouraging courageous contributors to strike the 1st blow opposed to a nondemocratic regime and by way of convincing others that it was once secure to stick with the tyrant killer's lead. Such laws hence deterred anti-democrats from staging a coup by way of making sure that they'd be beaten via their numerically more suitable rivals. Drawing on smooth social technological know-how types, Teegarden seems at how the establishment of public legislations impacts the habit of people and teams, thereby exploring the basis of democracy's endurance within the old Greek global. He additionally presents the 1st English translation of the tyrant-killing legislation from Eretria and Ilion.
By examining the most important old Greek tyrant-killing laws, Death to Tyrants! explains how convinced legislation enabled voters to attract on collective power for you to safeguard and look after their democracy within the face of inspired opposition.
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Extra info for Death to Tyrants!: Ancient Greek Democracy and the Struggle against Tyranny
X orat. 834b). the decision was once introduced after the autumn of the 400 and prior to the reinstatement of the democracy—that is, through the regime of the 5 Thousand (411); it concludes, “This sentence will be inscribed upon a pillar of bronze and arrange within the comparable position because the decrees bearing on Phrynichos. ” 30 The decree used to be definitely inscribed. Andokides, Myst. ninety five, wrote that the stele was once put “in entrance of the Bouleuterion. ” Lykourgos, Leok. 124, wrote that the stele was once “in the Bouleuterion. ” Demosthenes (20. 159) refers to “the stele of Demophantos,” yet now not its situation. 31 The textual content for the decree of Demophantos: Andok. Myst. 96–98. The date for the decree relies on info supplied in ML eighty four, strains 1–3, the place it's said that Klegenes (Kleigenēs in Andokides’s textual content) used to be secretary whereas Glaukippos used to be Archon (i. e. , in 410–409) and that Aiantis, the tribe in prytany while the decree of Demophantos used to be promulgated, held the 1st prytany of that 12 months. 32 Trans. MacDowell (1962: 134–35), a bit of converted. For past scholarship at the decree of Demophantos, see Droysen (1873); Günzler (1907); Friedel (1937: 56–58); Ostwald (1955; 1986: 414–18); McGlew (1993: 185–87); Shear (2007; 2011: 71–75, 96–106, 136–41, and passim). MacDowell (1962: 134–36) offers a short statement at the decree. every one of those works is a crucial contribution. yet none of them explains both how the oath might aid guard the Athenian democracy or even if the oath really did facilitate the Athenians’ try and accomplish that. 33 See Thuc. 6. 54–59 and Ath. Pol. 18–19 for a story of Harmodios and Aristogeiton’s act. The democrats’ model of that assassination—what occurred, why it occurred, and its consequence—was challenged within the 5th century by way of electorate of a much less democratic persuasion. Thucydides (1. 20. 2–3; 6. fifty four. 1) and Herodotos (6. 123. 2) explicitly problem the preferred and hence democratic model. the talk over the real background of the tyrannicides endured into the later fourth century: the writer of the Ath. Pol. (18. five) states that “democrats” had one model, whereas “some” had one other. For Athenian democrats’ perspectives of Harmodios and Aristogeiton, see Taylor (1981); Raaflaub (2003: 63–70); Ober (2005c). 34 it may look as if the connection with tyranny (and hence tyrannicide) within the oath of Demophantos is anachronistic. yet, as is widely known, later fifth-century Athenians thought of any nondemocratic regime to be a “tyranny,” and therefore the assassination of any high-profile member of a nondemocratic regime will be an act of tyrannicide. Thucydides (6. 60. 1), for instance, asserts that the Athenians have been so fearful via the mutilation of the Herms (415) simply because “the complete factor looked as if it would them to were performed in reference to an oligarchic and tyrannical conspiracy. ” And Andokides (Myst. seventy five) stated the interval of the 4 Hundred’s domination as “during the time of the tyrants. ” 35 The earliest statues of Harmodios and Aristogeiton have been sculptured by means of Antenor in, based on Pliny the Elder (NH 34.