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By Aspasius, Michael of Ephesus

Publish 12 months note: First released in 2001 through Gerald Duckworth & Co and 2014 in paperback

Aristotle devotes books 8-9 of the Nicomachean Ethics to friendship, distinguishing 3 types: a prime variety influenced by way of the other's personality; and other forms encouraged via application or excitement. he is taking up Plato's concept that one understands oneself larger as mirrored in another's eyes, as offering one of many merits of friendship, and he additionally sees precise friendship as modelled on actual self-love. He extra compares friendship with justice, and illustrates the ubiquity of friendship via pertaining to the best way we support wayfarers as though they have been family members (oikeion), a note he's taking from Plato's dialogue of affection. in lots of of those respects he most likely motivated the Stoic concept of justice as in accordance with the common kinship (oikeiotes) one feels before everything for oneself at beginning and, finally, for misplaced wayfarers. Of the 3 commentaries translated right here, that via the second-century advert Aristotelian Aspasius is the earliest extant observation on Aristotle; the second one is via Michael of Ephesus within the 12th century; the 3rd is of unknown date and authorship. Aspasius concerns even if there's just one form of friendship with a unmarried definition.But he plumps for a verdict now not given through Aristotle, that the first type of friendship serves as a focus for outlining the opposite . Aspasius alternatives up connections together with his Stoic contemporaries. Michael cites Christians and attracts from Neoplatonists the concept that there's a self-aware a part of the soul, and that Aristotle observed members as bundles of houses.

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34. studying khalepon with D; Heylbut, following h, reads khalepos, ‘difficult’ rather than ‘a tricky thing’. 35. Correcting suekhestera in Heylbut, a typographical blunders for sunekhestera. 36. placing esti ‘are’ after ‘pleasing’. Heylbut, following h, reads: ‘Since, then, Notes to pages 111-114 117 issues which are sturdy through nature and wonderful , a necessary individual should be happy through living’, and so forth. The insertion is otiose, because the commentator says beneficial individual should be happy specifically others; furthermore, it's mindless to insist that he has a potential already outlined as concerning humans as such. 37. interpreting philôn with D; Heylbut, following h, prints philon: ‘it isn't attainable to be a pal of many’. 38. Aristotle’s textual content reads ‘both in luck and in misfortune’, which is sensible of the next clause. 39. Fragment *76 in Richard Kannicht and Bruno Snell, Tragicorum Graecorum Fragmenta vol. 2 (Göttingen, 1981). forty. Accenting áp’; the accessory is passed over in Heylbut. forty-one. instead of D’s kai, ‘and’, Heylbut adopts h’s kai gar, ‘for in fact’. This web page deliberately left clean English-Greek thesaurus skill: dunamis abound: euporeô absence: apousia account: emblems motion: ergon, praxis actively: energeiâi task: energeia adept: deinos adoption (give for): hupopoieô virtue: sumpheron constructive (be): sumpherô affection: agapê prosperous (be): euporeô age (of the same): hêlix contract: homologia, diomologia alien: allotrios ambiguous: amphilogos amity: philotês analogous: analogon analogy: homoiôma animal: zôion animate: empsukhos visual appeal: eidos urge for food: epithumia acceptable: oikeios applicable (be): prosêkô argument: emblems aristocracy: aristokratia assign: apodidômi assimilated (be): homoioomai counsel: epikouria organization: koinônia characteristic: sumbebêkos authoritative: kurios authority: arkhê authority (have): exousiazô base: phaulos base shape: phaulotês starting: arkhê think: hêgeomai, nomizô, pisteuô liked: erômenos benefaction: euergesia benefactions (confer): euergeteô benefactor: euergetês helpful: ôphelimos profit: ôpheleia, ophelos profit (v. ): ôpheleô most sensible: aristos blame: aitiaomai blood: haima physically: sômatikos physique: sôma bond: sundesmos get a divorce: dialuomai brother: adelphos enterprise: emporia reason: aition reason (be a): aitios switch (v. ): metaballô bankruptcy: kephalaion personality: êthos, tropos character-based: êthikos cherish: stergô choiceworthy: hairetos opt for: haireomai, proaireomai churlish: duskolos churlishness: duskolia cithara-player: kitharôidos citizen: politês urban: polis civic: politikos classification (v. ): tattô collective: koinos advertisement: agoraios universal: koinos commonality: koinônia neighborhood: sunoikia better half: sunêthês corporation: sunousia entire: teleios comrade: hetairos comradely: hetairikos hindrance (of): epimelês fascinated by (be): phrontizô 120 nameless: Paraphrase of Nicomachean Ethics eight & nine involved for (be): epimeleomai harmony: homonoia harmony (be in): homonoeô : tukhê consensus: homodoxia consent: suntithemai consist: sunistamai comfort: paramuthia console: paramutheomai examine: theôreô content material (be): agapaô non-stop: sunekhês agreement: sunallagma, sunthêkê opposite to cause: paralogos regulate (v.

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