Download E-books Sophrosyne and the Rhetoric of Self-Restraint: Polysemy & Persuasive Use of an Ancient Greek Value Term (Mnemosyne, Bibliotheca Classica Batava) PDF

By Adriaan Rademaker

Whereas of paramount value to historic Greek society, "sophrosyne," the price of self-restraint, constitutes a notoriously complicated idea, and offers the speaker of historical Greek with a sophisticated tool for verbal persuasion. This research presents a brand new description of the semantics of "sophrosyne" in Archaic and Classical Greek, in accordance with a version from the sector of cognitive linguistics. along with, the amount indicates how this kind of semantic description can give a contribution to the research and learn of our resources: it investigates how audio system in our texts (ab)use the time period to accomplish their ends, masking many of the major texts, and culminating in a bankruptcy at the dialogues of Plato.

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A prounoh! ãmhn. tr¤ton d', §peidØ toi! ¤d' oÈk §jÆnuton KÊprin krat∞! ai, katyane›n ¶doj° moi, krãti! ton (oÈde‹! éntere›) bouleumãtvn. E. Hipp. 392-402) ——— 18 Cf. Stinton (1975) 247-8 = (1990) 176-7. one hundred seventy bankruptcy SIX while erôs had wounded me, i made a decision to determine how top to undergo it. good, i began with this, protecting silent approximately this disease and hiding it. One can't belief the tongue: it truly is good in a position to criticise the techniques of guys outdoors, yet left to itself, it burdens itself with monstrous hassle. moment, I resolved to undergo my insanity good and hold it in fee through ! vfro! Ênh. after which, due to the fact that in those methods i didn't be successful to overcome Cypris, i assumed it most sensible to die, the most powerful and better of my intentions, there is not any denying that. Phaedra’s first approach is just to maintain silent approximately her love, it seems that with out truly doing whatever approximately it (392-7). while this doesn't paintings, she makes a decision that she needs to actively struggle her love, and ‘conquer’ it through her ! vfro! Ênh (398-9). in this view, ! vfro! Ênh isn't the natural immunity to wish on which Hippolytus prides himself, yet particularly the power to reject one’s hope and the fight to maintain it in cost. This ! vfro! Ênh isn't the easy purity of people that are disinclined to do unsuitable (Hippolytus’ view of the virtue), however the hard-won fulfillment of these who could be very a lot susceptible to do incorrect, but firmly restrain their wishes. 19 This view of ! vfro! Ênh as resistance to illicit hope, by the way, is quickly accredited by means of the nurse. while Phaedra has confessed her love, she is very surprised, yet continues to be clear-headed sufficient to determine that ofl ! ≈frone! går oÈx •kÒnte! éll' ˜mv! | kak«n §r«! i, ‘people who're ! ≈frone! do not need to, yet but they cherish undesirable wishes’ (358-9). yet Phaedra quickly has to recognize that this ! vfro! Ênh doesn't paintings for her. She then makes a decision that if she needs to maintain her reliable identify intact, suicide is the one approach out. Her clarification of this choice confirms that her love itself used to be shameful, and that she may possibly by no means have preserved her strong identify if she had succeeded in ‘fighting’ her hope, yet were figured out to be in love: §mo‹ går e‡h mÆte lanyãnein kalå mÆt' afi! xrå dr≈! hello mãrtura! polloÁ! ¶xein. tÚ d' ¶rgon ≥idh tØn nÒ! on te du! kleç, gunÆ te prÚ! to›! d' oÔ! ' §g¤gnv! kon kal«! , m¤! hma pç! in: (E. Hipp. 403-7) ——— 19 Cf. Cairns (1993) 338. EURIPIDES 171 For i don't desire to get away become aware of while I do good, nor to have many witnesses while doing unsuitable. and that i knew that either the deed and the disorder are disreputable. And additionally, i used to be good conscious of being a girl, seemed with unwell will via all. in keeping with Phaedra, not only the ‘deed’, however the ‘illness’, the need, itself20 brings disrepute, is du! kleÆ!. which means her attractiveness will be misplaced not just if she acted on her wish, but in addition if she did restrain it yet have been recognized to be ‘in love’. She will be considered as a ‘bad’ girl, as not-! ≈frvn, as a way to communicate, whether she have been winning in conquering her wish via ! vfro!

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