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By Richard Hunter

Below Ptolemy II Philadelphus, who governed Egypt in the course of the 3rd century B.C.E., Alexandria grew to become the bright multicultural capital of the Greek international. Theocritus's poem in compliment of Philadelphus—at as soon as a Greek king and an Egyptian pharaoh—is the one prolonged poetic tribute to this amazing ruler that survives. Combining the Greek textual content, an English translation, an entire line-by-line remark, and broad introductory stories of the poem's historic and literary context, this quantity additionally bargains a wide-ranging and far-reaching attention of the workings and illustration of poetic patronage within the Ptolemaic age. specifically, the ebook explores the sophisticated and intricate hyperlinks between Theocritus's poem, modes of compliment drawn from either Greek and Egyptian traditions, and the next flowering of Latin poetry within the Augustan age.

As the 1st unique account of this crucial poem to teach how Theocritus may need drawn at the pharaonic traditions of Egypt in addition to prior Greek poetry, this publication gives precise perception into how compliment poetry for Ptolemy and his spouse can have helped to barter the variation of Greek tradition that modified stipulations of the hot Hellenistic global. useful for its transparent translation and its observation on style, dialect, diction, and historic reference on the subject of Theocritus's Encomium, the publication can also be major for what it unearths in regards to the poem's cultural and social contexts and approximately Theocritus' units for addressing his a number of readerships.

COVER picture: the picture at the entrance hide of this ebook is incorrectly pointed out at the jacket flap. the right kind caption is: Gold Oktadrachm depicting Ptolemy II and Arsinoe (mid-third century BCE; by means of permission of the Museum of excellent Arts, Boston).

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Three. sixty five ( = 20. 265), qew'n ejrikudeva dw'ra. aijeiv with correption of the final syllable will be retained (cf. Od. thirteen. 255; Hymn. Hom. Aphr. 201). ajparcomevnoio: Sc. Ptolemaivou. The which means is that Ptolemy oªers “firstfruits” (of harvests, the spoils from conquest, and so forth. ) to the temples but in addition makes different donations on different events. It was once common for excellent males to oªer part of new profits, or (e. g. ) commemorative statues of their position, to the temples as a part of self-advertisement. Ptolemy is back behaving in conventional methods; cf. Herodotus’s account of Croesus’s dedications at Delphi, which incorporated “firstfruits of his paternal inheritance” and wealth confiscated from an enemy (1. 92). 1 10 –1 1 extra anaphora of poluv" (cf. vv. 75–78, ninety three) keeps a principal subject of the poem. the excellence among “kings” and “republics” indicates the universality of Philadelphus’s generosity: he's the benefactor of the total civilized international. ijfqivmoisi . . . basileu'si: Strongly Homeric in flavor. those “kings” may possibly contain “subject kings,” similar to the Ptolemaic agent Philocles, king of Sidon (cf. SIG 390–91), and (depending at the chronology) Magas of Cyrene (cf. OGIS 22 for honors to Philadelphus in Cyrene), however the sense—which should still at least now not be pressed too hard—includes presents to all different basileis, as (pace Gow) the relevant topic is Philadelphus’s wealth, the following utilized in “relations with different potentates,” now not in basic terms the “administration of Commentary online 111 / 181 his personal empire. ” The Spartan basileus, Areus, who's commemorated via Philadelphus in a surviving inscription (SIG 433) could be a distinct case, given Spartan “kingship” traditions, yet we can also ponder such males because the “king of the Bithynians” who claimed pleasant family members with Philadelphus in mid-century (Welles, RC no. 25). That Philadelphus is ready to make huge presents to “powerful kings” is, after all, a degree of his personal wealth and gear (cf. Weber 1993, 334 n. five) and areas him inside a practice of idealized rulers (cf. Hecataeus of Abdera on Sesoosis; Diod. Sic. 1. 58). at the use of the time period basileuv" via the diadochoi cf. Mooren 1983, 212–15; Hammond and Walbank 1988, 172–75. ptolivessi: T. makes use of the epic shape in ptol- basically right here and at 22. 157 (ptoliveqra). Benefactions to towns have been a vital, might be the the most important, weapon within the overseas coverage of Hellenistic kings (cf. Bringmann 1993; Buraselis 1993; Ma 1999, 180–242). For the Ptolemies, donations of grain have been fairly effortless benefits to bestow (cf. Préaux 1978, 202–3). For examples of Philadelphus’s donations cf. Habicht 1970, 116–20 (Byzantium and the Black Sea coast); Welles, RC no. 14 ( Miletos) = Burstein 1985, no. ninety five; Shear 1978 (Athens); Hazzard 2000, 109. ajgaqoi'sin eJtaivroi": Ptolemy’s “brave partners” are the descendants of the hetairoi of Macedonian kings, quite after all Alexander (cf. Hammond 1989, 53–58). the traditional time period for the king’s courtiers and advisors is fivloi, however it is possible that eJtai'roi survived in use lengthy after it disappears from o‹cial documents (cf.

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